Briton Brian Cookson has emerged from an acrimonious campaign to be elected the new president of the International Cycling Union (ICU).
He triumphed over Irish incumbent Pat McQuaid – who steps down after eight years.
The vote in Florence brings to an end a chaotic campaign from Cookson and McQuaid, with mud-slinging from both camps.
Cycling is still reeling from the Lance Armstrong doping scandal.
It was during this period the credibility of the UCI under McQuaid had been questioned, notably by the US and World Anti-Doping agencies.
Cookson said one of his priorities was to tackle doping in cycling.
He said: “My first priorities as president will be to make anti-doping procedures within cycling fully independent, sit together with key stake-holders in the sport and work with the World Anti-Doping Agency to ensure a swift investigation into cycling’s doping culture.
“It’s by doing these things that we will build a firm platform to restore the reputation of our international federation with sponsors, broadcasters, funding partners, host cities and the International Olympic Committee.”
“The campaign to get to this point has been intense but I am under no illusion that the real work starts now. So I call on the global cycling community to unite and come together to help ensure that our great sport realises its enormous potential.
“This is the vision that will drive and focus my activities over the next four years.”
At one point it looked like Cookson might be elected unopposed, after McQuaid’s home association, Cycling Ireland, withdrew support for him.