Public transport strikes in Spain have caused chaos for tens of thousands of commuters for the second time in a month.
Hundreds of high-speed and intercity services operating in and out of the capital Madrid and Barcelona have been cancelled.
Rush-hour underground trains in the two cities were also disrupted leading to severe traffic jams.
Workers are angry at plans to restructure the rail network next year.
The government wants to sell off half the country’s rail sector in a drive to slash the public deficit.
“The main problem is the privatisation of the rail services. This is going to lead to a deterioration in services as well as job losses,” said rail employee Miguel Angel Escolano Sanchez.
Unions warn that more than 100,000 staff could be laid off in a country where one in four people is already out of work.