To participate in voting in France’s election of a President of the Republic, a French citizen must be at least 18 years of age and legally registered on the electoral rolls.
The president is elected for a mandate of five years, renewable once.
The ballot is free and secret but not obligatory. Voting at a designated polling station may be done in person or by proxy.
The courts may deprive a citizen of the civic right to vote if he or she has been convicted of committing a crime.
The first round of this election is set for 22 April, the second round for 6 May.
Elections are always held on Sundays in France.
However, voting in parts of France outside the mainland will be held the Saturday before, to take account of time differences; this is the case for Martinique, French Guiana, Guadalupe, Saint-Martin, Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon and French Polynesia.
If a candidate wins more than 50% of the votes in the first round, there is no need to hold a second round of voting.
As a number of candidates are in the running, if none attains more than 50% of the votes, then the two with the highest scores go on to the second round.
To enter the running, candidates need the endorsement of at least 500 elected officials from round the country, and make an official declaration of their material assets.