A deadly cold snap is spreading across eastern Europe from Russia on its way westwards leaving a trail of disruption and a rising death toll.
Dozens have been killed by the freezing weather as temperatures have plummeted.
In Turkey 20cm of snow fell – the most seen in 50 years.
Police in Poland say at least ten people froze to death as the weather worsened over night after what had been until now, a mild winter.
There are warnings the country can expect 30 degrees below zero at the end of the week.
In the Czech Republic the railways suffered as the extreme weather buckled tracks and engines broke down.
Romania, central Serbia and Bulgaria are all in the grip of the big freeze with Ukraine reporting over 18 deaths.
It is not just humans having to battle the cold – in southern Russia severe frosts have caused the deaths of thousands of fish after river levels which were already low completely froze.
Transport, communications and power lines are all being hit. Several stranded lorry drivers faced a night in their cabs as roads became impassable.
And in Romania an unlikely crew came to the rescue of 300 stray dogs being held in kennels just outside Bucharest.
Volunteers from a local prison worked for several hours to dig out alleyways at the shelter to help the freezing animals.