People in Chad are voting in an election which is almost certain to result in a fourth term in office for President Idriss Déby.
Opposition parties are boycotting the poll, and reports suggest only around one-in-five of eligible voters have so for bothered to cast their ballot.
Déby has ruled the central African state since seizing power in a coup back in 1990, winning three subsequent elections.
The boycott of the contest is over accusations of fraudulent votes in a legislative poll earlier this year, won by Déby. They claim the same will happen this time round.
Chad produces about 115,000 barrels of oil a day but the country remains mired in poverty