Splits over gay marriage stoked tensions on the streets of Barcelona as the pope prepared to celebrate mass. Hundreds of gay and lesbian activists kissed publicly in protest against the pontiff’s position as he made his way to the church.
One of the biggest battles between the Spanish government and the church has been over gay rights. In 2005, Spain became the third country in the world to legalise gay marriage.
The law allows married gay couples to adopt children, something which is anathema to the Vatican.