Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has led a remembrance ceremony at the site of Auschwitz concentration camp on the 65th anniversary of its liberation.
It was just one of several ceremonies on what has become International Holocaust Memorial Day.
The Auschwitz extermination camp in southern Poland was just one of several instruments of the Nazis’ ‘Final Solution’.
Jerzy Buzek, the Polish president of the European Parliament, stood beside a survivor of the camp. Poland’s President Lech Kaczynski also laid a lantern.
The camp was built in 1940 on the orders of Heinrich Himmler. Many of those who lived through his horror had a chance to meet some of their Russian liberators.
French President Nicolas Sarkozy sent a message saying that to keep the memory alive was a ‘humanitarian duty’.
US President Barack Obama sent a video message calling for anti-Semitism and ignorance to be resisted.
The Russian education minister called on everyone to recognise the role played by the Soviet soldiers who liberated the camp.