For some time now it has been clear that not everyone in Christian Lebanon is singing from the same hymnbook. In the wake of Sunday’s by-election result the community appears deeply divided. While the voting went ahead peacefully, the violent confrontations between Christian groups overnight does not bode well for the presidential election next month. The split in the Christian Maronite community runs deep. Amin Gemayel’s father founded the right-wing Phalange party that has long commanded the support of the majority of Christians in Lebanon. His narrow defeat shows his family’s position is under fire. The tiny winning majority for Michel Aoun’s candidate yesterday also does not do him any favours. This opposition politician with ambitions for the presidency wanted to show that he could mobilise the Christian vote.