With new infections soaring due to a highly-contagious coronavirus variant and hospitals filling up, one of the hardest-hit countries in the European Union is facing the inevitable: the tightest lockdown since the start of the pandemic.
The Czech Republic’s Prime Minister Andrej Babis said Friday the new series of measures is necessary "to protect the lives of our citizens".
"We have to do it to prevent a total collapse of our hospitals," Babis said. "If we don't do it, the whole world will watch Bergamo in the Czech Republic".
He acknowledged his government made mistakes in dealing with the pandemic in the past but called on the Czechs to abide by the rules that will come into effect on Monday for three weeks with a goal "to stop the virus and return to normalcy".
Among the strictest restrictions, the government is set to limit the free movement of people by not allowing them to travel to other counties unless they have to go to work or have to take care of their relatives.
"If it's possible, stay at home," Interior Minister Jan Hamacek said. Hamacek said the measure will be enforced by police and military forces.
If people go outside for sporting activities or just for a walk, they should not leave their municipality.
Further measures include the closure of nursery schools and schools for children with disabilities that until now have remained open.
Also, only stores selling essential goods will remain open.
"It’s not the best timing, it is in fact late," Jan Konvalinka, a biochemist and vice-rector of Prague’s Charles University, told Czech public radio. "But better late than never, we have to stop it somehow".
Konvalinka is a member of a group of scientists who have urged the government to immediately apply strict restrictions to reduce the number of new daily infections to 1,000 confirmed cases. It was 14,457 on Thursday, some 2,750 more than a week earlier.
Health Minister Jan Blatny said the new cases might likely surge to some 20,000 a day by next week before the new measures make an impact.
Blatny said people will have to wear face coverings outdoors in towns and cities all the time and also at work.
Amid a surge of the variant first identified in the UK, of the 7,176 COVID-19 patients in Czech hospitals on Thursday, a record 1,531 needed intensive care.
Another potentially dangerous variant first detected in South Africa was also confirmed in the country this week.
To help the struggling health system and prevent a collapse, the government has been discussing with Germany and Poland options to send Czech COVID-19 patients to their hospitals for treatment as local clinics are reaching their limits.
The seven-day rolling average of daily new cases has risen over the past two weeks from 68.83 new cases per 100,000 people on February 11 to 99.94 on Thursday, the worst per-capita rate in the world, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University.
The nation of 10.7 million has had over 1.2 million confirmed cases with almost 20,000 deaths.
In an attempt to boost the vaccination program, the Czech Republic has approached EU nations and others asking them for vaccines for which they don’t have immediate use.
Babis said France has agreed to send 100,000 doses by the middle of March. Some 5,000 Moderna doses have been donated by Israel, a close ally.
The Czechs had administered 623,820 shots by Thursday.
The government will also start to require mass testing of employees in companies and extend the required quarantine from 10 to 14 days to address the specifics of the new variants that are more infectious.