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The ultimatum facing Qatar: What are the demands?


Qatar

The ultimatum facing Qatar: What are the demands?

Qatar has been ordered to meet a list of 13 demands by its neighbours Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt in order to end a crisis in relations.

The four nations accuse Qatar of supporting terrorism and extremism, which Doha denies. If Qatar fails to meet the demands, the group of Gulf states have warned sanctions already imposed on the country will be extended.

Here are the demands facing Qatar:

*Qatar must scale down its diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia’s rival, Iran, and limit its commercial ties with the country. It must also expel members of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards, however Qatar denies there are any within its borders.


*Qatar must shut the new Turkish military base and halt cooperation with Turkey inside Qatar. Turkey supported their ally Qatar by deploying troops to the base when the sanctions were first announced.

*The gulf state must severe ties with the Muslim Brotherhood, Islamic State, al Qaeda, Hezbollah, and Jabhat Fateh al Sham (formerly al Qaeda’s branch in Syria), and formally declare them as terrorist groups.

*A separate demand orders the country not to give funds to any individual or group listed as a terrorist organization by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt, Bahrain, the US and other countries.

*It must also hand over terrorists and wanted individuals to their country of origin and freeze their assets. Qatar denies all links with terrorists groups.


*Qatari-based news channel Al Jazeera, one of the most powerful media outlets in the region, must be shut down, according to the demands. In response, the network has accused the nations of attempting to suppress free speech and warned journalists should be free to do their job without intimidation.

*Further news outlets funded directly or indirectly by Qatar must also be shut down.


*Qatar must not interfere in the affairs of the sanctioning and refrain from giving Qatari nationality to their citizens.

*They also demand that Qatar pay them reparations for any damage or costs incurred due to Qatari policies in recent years. The figure would be negotiated at a later point.

*It must also align its military, political, social and economic policies with other gulf and Arab nations.

*And release details about all its dealings with opposition groups in the four sanctioning countries and cease further contact with them.

*The final two points order Qatar to agree to the demands with ten days and to comply with monthly audits. However, Qatar was later given a 48 hour extension.