The Kim dynasty is a three generation bloodline, which began with the country’s first leader Kim-Il-sung.
Kim number 1 positioned himself to assume power at the end of Japanese control in 1945 by 1948 he was prime minister. In 1950 he instigated the Korean War to unify the Korean peninsula.
Kim II Sung, Kim Jong Suk and Infant Kim Jong II <3 pic.twitter.com/8fquViaZX0— Smirnov 🇰🇵 (@Smirnov747) September 23, 2016
During the instability Kim developed his personality cult, which marks the dynasty, along with the state philosphy of Juche, translated as ‘self reliance’ with North Korean citizens as ‘masters of the revolution and construction.’
Kim honoured his family bolstering the idea of a heroic bloodline. His mother Kang Pan-Sok, is Mother of the Nation, his brother, the Revolutionary Fighter, his first wife, the Mother of the Revolution.
Central to philosphy of Juche is an absolute leader the Suryong.
Kim had two wives and six children, his eldest son Kim Jong-Il, was appointed to the Politburo in 1980 and the Central Military Commission, which marked him as heir apparent, he then embarked on a 14-year grooming period before taking on the role of supreme leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea following the death of his father in 1994.
Four years after the demise of Kim ll Sung another layer of myth was added to the dynasty, the presidency was written out of the constitution and Kim became the Eternal President of the Republic, Kim Jong Il was then known as Dear Leader.
stilltame</a> here's a photo of Kim Jong Il at the Korean Film Studio to cleanse the palette :) <a href="https://t.co/AWOaqHT4K8">pic.twitter.com/AWOaqHT4K8</a></p>— 바샤르 알 아사드 만세! (DangunsProgeny) March 19, 2017
The Dear Leader oversaw famine, partly due to economic mismanagement, and ruled with an iron fist taking his farther’s authoritarianism to a another level, he also adopted a ‘military first’ politics and pulled the north out of Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 2003.
Not only a Dear Leader, but a trendsetter, North Korean state media claimed in 2010 that Kim number 2’s
unique style of dress had been adopted across the globe.
Kim Jong Il fell ill and was pronounced dead in December 2011, to be succeeded by his son Kim Jong-Un.
In keeping with recent tradition he was designated Eternal General Secretary and Eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission.
Under Kim Jong Un the politics of authoritarianism, whim and ‘military first’ continues.
Kim Jong-Un’s half brother Kim Jong-Nam was in line to succeed Kim Jong II, but fell from grace when caught attempting to enter Japan to visit Disneyland on a fake passport.
Kim Jong-Nam was killed in Malaysia in 2017 by suspected North Korean agents.