The world's biggest bomb, recreated

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By Ekaterina Anisimova
The world's biggest bomb, recreated

<p>A replica of the most powerful nuclear device ever to be exploded – the Soviet <a href="http://www.tsarbomba.org/">Tsar Bomba</a> – has gone on display in Moscow.</p> <p>The device, also known as the <a href="http://www.military.com/video/nuclear-bombs/nuclear-weapons/the-largest-bomb-ever-dropped/1318659315001/">AN-602 hydrogen bomb</a>, is the focus of an exhibition: A Chain Reaction of Success – 70 years of the atomic industry in Russia. </p> <p>Some of the best Soviet minds worked on the bomb, which was constructed on the orders of leader <a href="http://www.biography.com/people/nikita-khrushchev-9364384">Nikita Khrushchev</a> in the mid-1950s.</p> <p>After its victory over Germany in the <a href="http://russiapedia.rt.com/russian-history/the-great-patriotic-war/">Great Patriotic War</a> (the Second World War), the Soviet Union found itself trailing the US in the <a href="http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/past-exhibitions/einstein/peace-and-war/nuclear-arms-race">race</a> to develop nuclear arms.</p> <p>In 1945 Washington <a href="http://fr.euronews.com/2015/07/16/hiroshima-et-nagasaki-70-ans-apres/">showed</a> the world what it was capable of by dropping atomic bombs on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing well over 100,000 civilians.</p> <p>The Soviet Union <a href="http://www.atomicheritage.org/history/soviet-atomic-program-1946">began</a> developing its own nuclear weapons in 1949. By 1961 it was considered more powerful than the US in this area.</p> <p>On the October 30, 1961, at Sukhoy Nos over the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in the Arctic Sea, the Soviet Union test-dropped “Tsar Bomba”.</p> <p><em>The official Soviet archive of the “Tsar Bomba’s” explosion</em><br /> <iframe width="606" height="480" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/lfi0zYoqCY0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p>This is footage of the actual explosion of “Tsar Bomba”. The power of the detonation was ten times that of all the munitions used during the Second World War – the equivalent of almost 59 million tonnes of conventional <span class="caps">TNT</span> explosives.</p> <p>Witnesses of the test say they had never seen anything like it. A mushroom cloud rose to an altitude of 67 kilometres – the flash of light from the blast was enough to cause third-degree burns at a distance of 100 kilometres. Observers reported that complete destruction had been achieved in an area the size of Paris.</p> <p>The explosion was enough for the <span class="caps">USSR</span> to finally break the nuclear monopoly of the United States. </p> <p>Now the “Tsar Bomba” is part of a museum display. A Chain Reaction of Success – 70 years of the atomic industry in Russia is open to the public till 29th September.</p> <p><em>Video of the arriving “Tsar Bomba” at The Manezh</em><br /> <iframe width="606" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/92umXrV5hsM" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe></p> <p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="fr"><p lang="en" dir="ltr">the <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/tsarbomb?src=hash">#tsarbomb</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/compared?src=hash">#compared</a> to others <a href="http://t.co/7X6uxKy8">pic.twitter.com/7X6uxKy8</a></p>— Oscar Morrison (@oscargemorrison) <a href="https://twitter.com/oscargemorrison/status/266415009947602947">8 Novembre 2012</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><iframe width="606" height="611" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="overflow-y:hidden;" src="http://www.easel.ly/index/embedFrame/easel/2373092"></iframe></p>