For the end of this series of Postcards from Kazakhstan we are back in the capital, where people are this year marking the 550th anniversary of Kazakh statehood.
To get a feel for the history, there is no better place to start than a monument to the founders of the state, Kerey and Zhanibek.
The first Kazakh Khans, the pair were descendants of Genghis Khan.
Euronews’ Seamus Kearney reported: “Inaugurated in 2010 in the old part of the city, the statue is made out of pure bronze and stands at a height of 12 metres.”
Kerey, who is in the sitting position, was the first Kazakh ruler. The figure of him stands at a height of 5.25 metres and Zhanibek’s height is 5.45 metres.
Astana guide Aliya Bakirova told euronews: “This monument symbolises the Kazakh people’s efforts towards independence, creating their own state, and it’s a reminder about the importance of history.”