This content is not available in your region

How Nepal earthquake devastated Kathmandu's UNESCO heritage

Access to the comments Comments
By Chris Harris
How Nepal earthquake devastated Kathmandu's UNESCO heritage

<p>The human tragedy from Nepal’s earthquake continues to grow, with the death toll nearing 4,000 people.</p> <p>But there is also a cultural element to the disaster: the Kathmandu Valley is home to seven <span class="caps">UNESCO</span> World Heritage Sites.</p> <p>Such sites are deemed by the UN’s Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (<span class="caps">UNESCO</span>) to be of ‘special cultural or physical significance’.</p> <p>Here we look at six of the seven sites and how they have been affected by the earthquake. No details were available for Hindu temple Changu Narayan.</p> <p>The <a href="http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/121">entry for the Kathmandu Valley on unesco.org</a> reads: “The cultural heritage of the Kathmandu Valley is illustrated by seven groups of monuments and buildings which display the full range of historic and artistic achievements for which the Kathmandu Valley is world famous.”</p> <p>The video above shows drone footage of the damage.</p> <p><hr></p> <p><strong>Durbar Square, Kathmandu</strong></p> <p>This is a before-and-after shot at Basantapur, a section of Durbar Square in central Kathmandu.</p> <p>Durbar Square is considered the social, religious and urban focal point of the city.</p> <p>The temples, palaces and courtyards mostly date from the 17th and 18th centuries. </p> <p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" align="center"><p>This breaks my heart. Basantapur Durbar square, one of the historic places of Nepal, before and after. <a href="http://t.co/OLqnoluqnz">pic.twitter.com/OLqnoluqnz</a></p>— FG (@FunnyGooner) <a href="https://twitter.com/FunnyGooner/status/591991860064825345">April 25, 2015</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><hr></p> <p><strong>Durbar Square, Bhaktapur</strong></p> <p>These are the ruins of one of several temples at Durbar Square, Bhaktapur. It was dedicated to Vatsala Devi, a form of the goddess Durga.</p> <p>The square was also severely damaged in another earthquake in 1934. </p> <p>The site lies about 13-kilometres east of Kathmandu</p> <p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" align="center"><p>Photo on the left, 17th century Vatsala Durga temple in <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Bhaktapur?src=hash">#Bhaktapur</a> in 2014, and now in ruins. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Nepal?src=hash">#Nepal</a> <a href="http://t.co/5QElaiaOPC">pic.twitter.com/5QElaiaOPC</a></p>— Rebecca McKeown (@rebiccamck) <a href="https://twitter.com/rebiccamck/status/591894166449352704">April 25, 2015</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><hr></p> <p><strong>Durbar Square, Patan</strong></p> <p>The third and final Durbar Square within the Kathmandu Valley is situated a few kilometres south of the city centre.</p> <p>It contained more than 1,200 monuments including dozens of Buddhist and Hindu temples.</p> <p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" align="center"><p>Kathmandu’s Patan Durbar Square before and after the <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/NepalEarthquake?src=hash">#NepalEarthquake</a> <a href="http://t.co/CSQCWbR1Ea">pic.twitter.com/CSQCWbR1Ea</a></p>— banksy (@thereaIbanksy) <a href="https://twitter.com/thereaIbanksy/status/592069184357412865">April 25, 2015</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><hr></p> <p><strong>Pashupatinath Temple</strong></p> <p>This site, near the Bagmati River on the outskirts of Kathmandu, is one of the most sacred Hindu temples.</p> <p>Damage to the temple itself is not seemingly as bad as elsewhere, but other buildings nearby were not so lucky. </p> <p>Pashupatinath is where some elderly Hindus choose to spend the final weeks of their lives, before being cremated on the banks of the river.</p> <p>Victims of the earthquake have also been cremated here in recent days, according to reports on Twitter.</p> <p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" align="center"><p>Kathmandu: Portion of Pashupatinath Temple that got damaged due to <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/NepalEarthquake?src=hash">#NepalEarthquake</a>. <a href="http://t.co/APxx08G9ld">pic.twitter.com/APxx08G9ld</a></p>— <span class="caps">ANI</span> (@ANI_news) <a href="https://twitter.com/ANI_news/status/592659322666115072">April 27, 2015</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" align="center"><p>Nepal: 100s cremated near Pashupatinath temple <a href="http://t.co/4aKxPpg6sn">http://t.co/4aKxPpg6sn</a></p>— Times of India (@timesofindia) <a href="https://twitter.com/timesofindia/status/592347430974140417">April 26, 2015</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><hr></p> <p><strong>Swayambhunath</strong></p> <p>This picture shows the damage to Swayambhunath, a Buddhist temple – also known as the Monkey Temple – situated on a hill west of Kathmandu city centre.</p> <p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" align="center"><p>While all of <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Nepal?src=hash">#Nepal</a> is devastated, <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/PASHUPATINATH?src=hash">#PASHUPATINATH</a> <span class="caps">TEMPLE</span> <span class="caps">AND</span># <span class="caps">SWAYAMBHUNATH</span> <span class="caps">SAFE</span> <a href="https://t.co/pyzRuO0BIx">https://t.co/pyzRuO0BIx</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Jaiholenath?src=hash">#Jaiholenath</a> <a href="http://t.co/0wZI94au6L">pic.twitter.com/0wZI94au6L</a></p>— Jorebungley (@Jorebungley) <a href="https://twitter.com/Jorebungley/status/592169504500678656">April 26, 2015</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-partner="tweetdeck" align="center"><p>My cousin sent me this picture of swayambhunath.My heart can't stop bleeding.<a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/NepalQuake?src=hash">#NepalQuake</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/NepalEarthquake?src=hash">#NepalEarthquake</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Earthquake?src=hash">#Earthquake</a> <a href="http://t.co/XN11IvNdPi">pic.twitter.com/XN11IvNdPi</a></p>— Anisha Pradhan (@Soul___Taker) <a href="https://twitter.com/Soul___Taker/status/592146358577934336">April 26, 2015</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><hr></p> <p><strong>Boudhanath Stupa</strong></p> <p>This Buddhist temple dominates the skyline on the outskirts of Kathmandu. Its ancient stupa is the largest in the world.</p> <p><small><strong>Before</strong></small><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" align="center"><p>largest stupa in Nepal and the holiest Tibetan Buddhist temple outside Tibet: <a href="http://t.co/zFVwaMVvT5">http://t.co/zFVwaMVvT5</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Boudhanath?src=hash">#Boudhanath</a> <a href="http://t.co/xA2gjdho02">pic.twitter.com/xA2gjdho02</a></p>— Nepal Hiking Team (@nepalhikingteam) <a href="https://twitter.com/nepalhikingteam/status/590488146766213120">April 21, 2015</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> <p><small><strong>After</strong></small><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en" align="center"><p>The world's largest & holiest <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Tibetan?src=hash">#Tibetan</a> Buddhist stupa, Boudhanath damaged in <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/NepalEarthquake?src=hash">#NepalEarthquake</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/PrayForNepal?src=hash">#PrayForNepal</a> <a href="http://t.co/INx82JuIte">pic.twitter.com/INx82JuIte</a></p>— Main Hoon Na (@SwachhPolitics) <a href="https://twitter.com/SwachhPolitics/status/592600273320693761">April 27, 2015</a></blockquote><br /> <script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p>