It is one of the worst refugee crisis in the world with the numbers topping 50 million for the first time since World War Two caused by a year of catastrophic violence.
Those are some of the findings in the annual report from the rights group Amnesty International which points the finger of blame at the United Nations. It has called on the five permanent members of the Security to voluntarily give up their power of veto.
“The United Nations Security Council was created to protect civilians to provide peace and security and they have dismally failed. We are saying therefore one of the instruments through which this failure has ended up happening is the abuse of the veto by the permanent five members of the Security Council time and again,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General, Amnesty International.
The core of the problem with the UN Security Council, says Amnesty is that countries often put their own national interests first.
The report also focuses on the Ukraine conflict claiming indiscriminate use of force by both pro-Russian separatists and government forces.
Amnesty wants western countries to do more to provide humanitarian aid and to resettle those who have lost everything. The response to the mideast refugee crisis, it says has been, “abhorrent”.
It examined 160 countries and found that armed groups, such as the militant Islamic State, Boko Haram and al-Shabaab operated in 35 of them – that’s one in five suffering brutal abuses from such groups.