Lilia Rotoloni: With us from Kyiv our correspondent Sergio Cantone
Sergio, the new President Poroshenko is gradually unveiling his plan to get out of the current crisis in Ukraine.
Is the unilateral ceasefire in the east of the country, announced today, a feasible option? What about the reaction of the separatists?
Sergio Cantone: The ceasefire is essential for Poroshenko. He needs the fighting to stop before he can implement his political plan and introduce reforms he has promised.
But the eastern part of the country, the people Kyiv call separatists or pro-Russians, do not seem to accept Poroshenko’s offer of a ceasefire .. because they do not recognise his authority.
Lilia Rotoloni: The cabinet reshuffle proposed by Poroshenko is the first step to completely legitimising the new power in Kyiv.
Would the new faces be able to to attract consensus at home as in Moscow?
Sergio Cantone: First of all, the foreign minister, the chief of diplomacy… The previous one was not regarded very highly in Moscow, especially after the diplomatic incident of last Saturday. The new one is an ambassador, he use to be the ambassador of Ukraine in Berlin, Germany, and he is actually still the Ukrainian ambassador to Germany. He led the negotiations with the Russian ambassador, so this should give a certain positive legitimacy to the new foreign minister towards Moscow and the Russians.
Lilia Rotoloni: Poroshenko wants to call early elections, but first he needs parliamentary support for a new election law .. and changes in the constitution to allow a greater decentralisation (to the regions).
Is this a realistic plan, as Poroshenko is far from having a parliamentary majority?
Sergio Cantone: To introduce further institutional changes or to revise the constitution, to allow for decentralization, a new parliament is necessary. It would give more credibility to reform – a very sensitive topic, as you can imagine, because the Ukrainian crisis is largely linked to a lack of decentralization on one hand, and an excessive demand for federalization on the other.