In Egypt, voting has been taking place in a poll widely expected to see army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi installed as president.
Despite concerns over political freedom, Sisi supporters insisted he was the man to bring back stability.
‘‘“My vote will make a difference, it is imperative to take part in this election, to participate in shaping Egypt’s future, as I have done during the past two years,” one woman said after voting in Cairo.
Already widely regarded as Egypt’s de facto leader, Sisi, who was filmed earlier in Cairo casting his ballot, is standing against left-wing candidate Hamdeen Sabahi.
The two day vote is the second of its kind in two years following Sisi’s toppling of Egypt’s Islamist , and first freely elected president, Mohammed Mursi.
Despite reports of some protests near Cairo and Alexandria, inside the capital voters queued calmly under the watch of a huge security operation mounted by the military.
euronews’ correspondent in Cairo Mohammed Shaikhibrahim says: ‘‘In this election the main challenge will be voter turnout. This will reflect the level satisfaction of the Egyptian people and their desire to change with some political forces demanding a boycott of the elections.’‘