Three years after the uprising against Hosni Mubarak, supporters of Egypt’s new military strongman have been celebrating in Tahrir Square.
But as the state-sanctioned event in Cairo hailed General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and the army-backed authorities, anti-government rallies were broken up by the police.
At least 49 people were killed in clashes, mostly in the capital, and many more injured, as security forces cracked down on dissent.
Egypt has been in turmoil since last July when the military ousted Islamist President Mohamed Mursi, the country’s first freely-elected president.
Supporters of his Muslim Brotherhood and secular opponents of the government took to the streets in protest. Armed police fired tear gas but also live rounds. Hundreds of arrests were made.
The anniversary violence included a car bomb near a police building in Suez. At least 16 people were hurt.
On Friday, six people were killed in explosions in Cairo.
Mohammed Shaikhibrahim, our correspondent in the city, pointed to the deep divisions in Egypt, stressing that different political factions were involved in the violent clashes.
It confirms, he said, “that the only solution to the current crisis is to achieve reconciliation”.