The European car market looks to have shifted gear with the announcement that EU passenger car sales have risen for a second month in a row.
It is the first time since 2011 that European car sales have grown for two consecutive months.
Sales rose by close to five percent to just over 1 million units. Italy is the only country to see a reversal of fortunes, down five percent.
Industry watchers say guarded optimism is required as October sales are the lowest since the motor trade staring collating figures a decade ago.