August 1, 1944. The Warsaw Uprising took place, designed by Polish resistance fighters to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany. The uprising began on August 1, as part of Operation Tempest, with the Soviet Army approaching Warsaw, having already driven the German Wehrmacht from Mother Russia. The goal of the Polish was to drive the German occupiers from the city and free Warsaw before the Soviets arrived, in order to claim sovereignty. The Soviets however ignored Polish attempts to establish radio contact and the Germans and Poles fought for 63 days. Joseph Stalin halted his forces outside the city, which led to the Polish insurrection being crushed despite British and US planes helping the Poles by dropping supplies. It is estimated that about 16,000 members of the Polish resistance died during this uprising. Fighting during the street skirmishes in the Uprising damaged around a quarter of Warsaw’s buildings. Having crushed the Polish rebels, German troops went about sacking many other parts of the city. By the start of 1945, when events on the Eastern Front forced German troops to flee the city, an estimated 85% of Warsaw’s buildings had been razed to the ground.
Also on August 1: Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire (527); Slavery is abolished in the British Empire as the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into force (1834); The first ascent of Monte Rosa, the second highest summit in the Alps (1855); Charles Whitman kills 16 people at the University of Texas at Austin before being killed by the police (1966); China starts a purge of intellectuals and imperialist at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution (1966); Video Killed the Radio Star is the first song aired on MTV on its launch in the US (1981).
Born on August 1: William Clark (1770), Herman Melville (1819), Pierre Bourdieu (1930), Yves Saint Laurent (1936), Jerry Garcia (1942), Jim Carroll (1950), Bastien Schweinsteiger (1984).
- 1Hero’s welcome for Ukraine pilot Nadiya Savchenko after Russia prisoner swap
- 2Russia-Hungary meeting ahead of EU sanctions decision
- 3Emergency response: inside Ecuador’s disaster zones
- 4Germany: Pegida objects to Kinder using images of non-white children on its chocolate wrappers
- 5The strategic map of the the offensive against ISIL
- 1The nuclear waste site at the heart of Canada’s wildfires
- 2Turkey warns EU migrant deal could collapse if visa-waiver isn’t speeded up
- 3Eurozone ministers agree “breakthrough” deal with Greece
- 4More fuel frustration as French pickets refuse to back down
- 5Ukrainian pilot Savchenko back in Kyiv after 2 years in Russian jail
- 1EgyptAir crash: airline says Flight MS804 wreckage found
- 2The nuclear waste site at the heart of Canada’s wildfires
- 3Venezuela economy fractured with shortages of essentials across the country
- 4Crimean Tatars look for Eurovision boost on day of national tragedy
- 5Emergency response: inside Ecuador’s disaster zones
Germany: Pegida objects to Kinder using images of non-white children on its chocolate wrappers
What is the EU-US Privacy Shield?
In the EU ‘one in three deaths of under-75s is avoidable,’ says Eurostat
G7 agenda includes steel, the Yen, Russia and Brexit
Video – Brazil’s uncontacted Kawahiva tribe on the edge of extinction
Wires > News
- 06:13 CET China says EU membership UK’s choice, but hopes for strong Europe
- 05:31 CET China says its people will never stand for Taiwan independence
- 04:55 CET Japan’s Abe takes G7 leaders to shrine as economy tops summit…
- 03:56 CET Australia immigration policy threatens to hijack election agenda
- 03:18 CET NZ parliament in lock down after security threat ahead of budget
- 03:15 CET Biden holds calls with Cypriot president, Turkish Cypriot leader
- 03:12 CET Militant group purportedly claims new attack in Nigeria’s Delta
- 03:07 CET Lebanese citizenship law strips women of identity and property