In Kuwait’s parliamentary election, liberal candidates made gains while Shi’ites suffered losses.
Many opposition groups, from Islamists to populists, boycotted the July 27 vote in protest at an electoral law decreed by the emir last year.
Despite that, voter turnout was estimated to be around 52 percent.
Shia candidates won only eight seats in the 50-member parliament, compared to a record 17 in the last ballot in December.
Political parties are banned, so candidates campaign independently or ally themselves with existing movements.
The parliament can pass legislation, but the emir has the final say in state matters and also appoints the prime minister.