July 28 1945. A B-25 bomber crashed into the Empire State Building in New York City, killing 14 people. The war plane was piloted in thick fog by Lieutenant Colonel William Franklin Smith who crashed into the north side of the Empire State Building. The bomber crashed between the 79th and the 80th floor where the National Catholic Welfare Council was located. This accident helped spur the passage of the Federal Tort Claims Act of 1946 as well as allowing people to sue the government for the accident.
Also on July 28: Henry VIII executes Thomas Cromwell for treason and marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard on the same day (1540); Maximilien Robespierre is executed by guillotine in Paris during the French Revolution (1794); José de San Martín declares the independence of Peru from Spain (1821); Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Spain are established (1933); President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000 during the Vietnam War (1965).
Born on July 28: Marcel Duchamp (1887), Jacques Piccard (1922), Richard Wright (1943), Peter Doyle (1949), Hugo Chávez (1954).
Image credit: Captain Chaos on flickr