Kuwaitis are voting in their sixth parliamentary election in seven years.
The country is a constitutional monarchy and the Emir has the power to dissolve parliament. This has frequently happened when parliament criticises government Ministers chosen by the Emir.
The number of votes per citizen has also been cut from four to one. The main Islamist and populist opposition is boycotting the election in protest at this, saying it will prevent it forming a majority in parliament.
Turnout is expected to be low with voters tired of short-lived parliaments, as well as temperatures of up to 44 degrees celsius during the fasting month of Ramadan,