July 22 1894. The first motor race took place in France between Paris and Rouen. It was organized by Pierre Giffard, a journalist from Le Petit Journal, and 102 drivers participated in the race. Jules-Albert de Dion, on his steam tractor, was the first one to reach the finish line, but he did not win the race as his vehicle did not meet some safety standards. Peugeot and Panhart et Levassor had to share first place.
Also on July 22: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem during the First Crusade (1099); A bomb exploded in San Francisco during a Preparedness Parade killing 10 and injuring 40 (1916); Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the world in 7 days (1933); The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins (1942); Dezik and Tsygan are the first dogs to make a sub-orbital flight (1951); Members of the 101st Airborne of the United States attacked a compound in Iraq killing Sadam Hussein’s sons Uday and Qusay and Mustafa Hussein’s son (2003); A bomb, targeting government buildings in central Oslo, explodes in Norway while a massacre of a youth camp is occurring on the island of Utøya.
Born on July 22: Alessandro de’ Medici, Duke of Florence (1510), Friedrich Bessel (1784), Edward Hopper (1882), Gustav Ludwig Hertz (1887), Rose Kennedy (1890), Oscar de la Renta (1890), Tom Robbins (1936), Rick Davies (1944), Selena Gomez (1992).