July 13, 1985. The Live Aid charity concerts took place in London and Philadelphia. The concerts were organized by Bob Gedolf and Midge Ure to raise funds for relief on the ongoing Ethiopian famine. The event started at Wembley Stadium in the United Kingdom at 12:00 BST and ended at 22:00 BST while the concert at the JFK stadium in the United States started at 13:51 BST and ended at 23:05; the concerts were thus at one point simultaneously held in the two countries across the Atlantic. The concerts featured several famous artists such as U2, The Who, Queen, Eric Clapton, Led Zeppelin, David Bowie, Mick Jagger, Phill Collins, Paul McCartney, Bob Dylan and Madonna. The two concerts combined were attended by a total of 172, 000 people and were broadcasted live across 150 countries with a total audience of 1.9 billion people. The concert’s organizers raised £150 million, with an original goal of £1 million. On the same day, several other concerts took place around the world, inspired by the Live Aid initiative.
Also on July 13: Jean-Paul Marat is assassinated in his bathtub (1793); The Battle of Vosges is fought between France and the forces of Prussia and Austria (1794); New York draft riot occur with opponents of conscription rioting for three days (1863); The Treaty of Berlin is signed, redrawing the map of the Balkans (1878); The Hollywood sign is erected, it originally read Hollywoodland (1923);Somalia declares war on Ethiopia, starting the Ethiopian-Somali War (1977); Three coordinated bombs explode in Mumbai killing 26 people and injuring 130 (2011).
Born on July 13: Pope Clement X (1590), Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Empire Emperor (1608), Eric Portman (1901), Kenneth Clark (1903), Leslie Brooks (1922), Michel Constantin (1924), Simone Veil (1927), Frank Ramsey (1931), Gordon Lee (1934), Patrick Stewart (1940), Robert Forster (1941), Harrison Ford (1942), George Nelson (1950), Jane Hamilton (1957).