A group of mostly European retailers has finalised a plan for coordinated inspections of factories in Bangladesh.
That follows a series of deadly incidents, including the deaths of more than 1,100 people when a poorly built garment making centre collapsed there in April.
The legally-binding accord has been signed by 70 brands, including the world’s two biggest fashion retailers, Inditex and H&M.
They have agreed to accept legal responsibility for safety at their Bangladesh factories.
But a number of US chains, including Wal-Mart and Gap, prefer to support a non-binding initiative, saying the other deal gives unions too much power over ensuring workplace safety.
Bangladesh has pledged to improve safety, hire more inspectors and increase workers’ rights.