July 6, 1942. This marks the first day that Anne Frank and her family took refuge in their Secret Annexe in Amsterdam to escape deportation at the hands of the Third Reich. The day before they went into hiding, Anne’s sister Margot had received a call-up notice from the central bureau of Jewish immigration, ordering her deportation to a labour camp. In order to escape the fate that Nazi Germany had reserved for them, the Jewish Frank family hid in an apartment, located in the warehouse office of Anne’s father, Otto Frank. Helped by some loyal employees, the Frank family, soon joined by the Van Pels family, remained hidden until August 4, 1944, when they were arrested after an anonymous tip-off. Anne and her sister died in March, 1945 from exhaustion and typhus fever at the Berge-Belsen concentration camp in Germany. During their two years in hiding, Anne kept a diary, which was later found by Miep Gies, an employee family friend who had helped conceal the Franks from the Nazis. The diary has been translated into more than 60 languages and been adapted for stage and screen. The Secret Annexe is now the Anne Frank Museum, one of Amsterdam’s most visited tourist attractions.
Also on July 6: Richard the Lionheart is crowned king of England (1189); execution of Sir Thomas More for treason against England’s King Henry VIII (1535); Louis Pasteur successfully vaccinates a child against rabies (1885); The AK-47 goes into production (1947); John Lennon and Paul McCartney are introduced for the first time (1957).
Born on July 6: Frida Kahlo, George Stanley (1907), Nancy Reagan (1921), Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalaï Lama (1935), Bill Haley (1945), Sylvester Stallone, George W. Bush (1946), 50-Cent (1975).