Taxis lined up in Portugal’s capital Lisbon to take passengers stranded by the general strike.
Many commuters planned alternative routes because of the disruption.
The city’s metro system was shut down completely but bus, train and ferry services were running a skeleton strike timetable.
One bus driver explained that he had to work despite the strike-call because they were obliged to provide a minimum service, otherwise they would have pay docked and there’d be disciplinary action.
Portugal’s government had to ask for a 78-billion euro handout last year to stop the country going to the wall.
Public and political opposition to the subsequent austerity measures has been growing ever since.