Outgoing Chinese President Hu Jintao has opened his Communist Party’s Congress with a call to crackdown on corruption.
The 69-year-old said his successor must make cracking down on graft a priority.
His comments come after a number of high-ranking party officials have been convicted or investigated for wrongdoing.
“Combating corruption and promoting political integrity, which is a major political issue of great concern to the people, is a clear-cut and long-term political commitment of the Party. If we fail to handle this issue, it could prove fatal to the party, and even cause the collapse of the party and the fall of the state,” Hu said.
There was a high police presence outside the Congress venue in Tiananmen Square, with officers restricting the movement of journalists.
In Hong Kong, democracy activists have held their own protests against the Communist Party.
The group gathered outside the Chinese government’s office in Hong Kong, brandishing photos of jailed Nobel Peace Prize winner Liu Xiaobo.