Fighting terrorism and lawlessness as well as immigration are dominating the agenda at a two day summit in Malta.
Leaders from five European and five African nations as well as EU representatives are focusing on issues which affect countries around the rim of the Mediterranean.
For French President Francois Hollande a priority is the growing threat of al-Qaeda linked Islamist rebels in the region.
“I am talking about security in a number of countries that are not necessarily here represented at the 5+5 summit, but that could nevertheless put severely in danger the stability of an entire region and also the security of Europe,” said the French leader.
With the European debt crisis never far from thoughts, Hollande also said it was up to Spain alone to determine whether it required financial aid to solve its current difficulties.
The summit ends later today.