- On July 22, 2011, Anders Breivik sets off almost a thousand kilos of explosive fertiliser outside the government offices in Oslo.
- This kills eight people, wounds many more.
- It is just before half past three in the afternoon.
- Breivik then drives to the island of Utoeya, some 40 kilometres northwest of the capital.
- There is a camp at Utoeya, where after a brief ferry crossing he begins shooting people.
- The camp is organised by the Workers’ Youth League, a division of the Norwegian Labour Party – senior partner in the government.
- It has just gone twenty past five when Breivik first opens fire.
- He is dressed as a policeman.
- He takes the lives of 69 people here, most of them teenagers.
- Although the alarm is raised minutes after the killing begins, it is not until nearly half past six that counter-terrorist police – the Emergency Response Unit – arrive on the island.
- Soon the world learns that Breivik is aged 32 [then] and the son of a former diplomat.
- A personal manifesto he has written comes to light, in which he condemns what he calls an Islamisation of Europe. A nationalist, he speaks of Norwegian ethnic purity and fighting against “cultural Marxists/multiculturalists”.
- An official report on the attacks is finally submitted.
- It cites dysfunction and lists mistakes by police and intelligence services which allowed Breivik to prolong his killing.
- Norway’s police chief resigns after the report.
- Breivik had phoned the emergency number himself, and when the special squad got to the camp he quietly gave himself up.
- Survivors, families of victims and thousands more Norwegians gather one year later.
- They are reminded of committing to a diverse and egalitarian society.
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