Politicians and church leaders have joined thousands of mourners as South Africa remembers the 34 striking miners shot dead by police last week.
Security forces kept their distance at the Marikana platinum mine as tensions between them and the community appear beyond repair.
It is South Africa’s bloodiest police operation since apartheid.
The Lonmin owned mine and the nearby Impala mine closed for the day to allow workers to pay their respects.
Staff at Marikana have been involved in a dispute over pay and the industry fears that the industrial action will spread.
South African President Jacob Zuma is due to unveil his judicial commission of inquiry into the police violence that led to the killing of the miners.