As President Assad’s opponents vow to continue their fight, his followers have been staging a defiant show of support. In several Assad strongholds thousands took part in what some say were orchestrated rallies.
The pro and anti-Assad protests reflect the deep divisons within the country, between the majority Sunnis on one side and the Alawites and other groups, who still back him.
One year on – and despite the recent visit by Kofi Annan, the UN and Arab League’s envoy – a diplomatic solution seems no closer.
Annan is due to present a report on his mission to the UN Security Council on Friday. He has indicated that he believes dialogue is still possible, but neither side appears in the mood for talking.