December 28, 1895 The Lumière brothers organise the world’s first cinema showing to a paying audience. A total of 33 people came to the Grand Café in Paris and paid a franc to see ten short films including Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory and the Gardener. The Lumières had taken and improved Kinetoscope technology used by American entrepreneur Thomas Edison. By 1896 the new “cinemas” had found their way to the United States, where their popularity led to the explosion of the industry in Hollywood in the early 20th century.
Also on December 28: Westminster Abbey is consecrated (1065); William Finley Semple applies for a patent for chewing-gum (1869); Kim Il-sung becomes the first President of North Korea (1972).
Born on December 28: Woodrow Wilson (1856), Dame Maggie Smith (1934), Denzel Washington (1954), Liu Xiaobo (1955), Sienna Miller (1981).