The Russian election has been marked by protests in Moscow and St Petersburg, with activists claiming the outcome was rigged by the Kremlin.
The protestors denounced the banning of certain parties. Police arrested about 100 people in Moscow and around 70 in St Petersburg.
Rights groups and government opponents say the authorities used legal technicalities to prevent some candidates from taking part in the election and distort the results in favour of the ruling party. Electoral officials dismissed their claims.
One independent monitoring group, Golos, has accused the Kremlin of trying to intimidate it after an official investigation into its activities was launched. Golos is funded by European and US groups including the European Commission.
Some media have also complained of coming under pressure from the Russian authorities. A link to what Golos calls a ‘map of violations’ was removed from the Gazeta website. One of its editors resigned in protest.