On December 5 , 1955 the Montgomery Bus Boycott began in earnest. Led by Dr Martin Luther King Jr, it followed Rosa Parks refusal to give up her seat on a bus to a white man four days earlier. Her arrest sparked the protest, and eventually helped bring together a civil rights coalition that worked throughout the US for racial justice and basic civil rights.
As the newly elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association, Dr King became the spearhead of the campaign. The boycott lasted 382 days. During this time, African-Americans refused to ride the public bus system in Montgomery. King’s home was also bombed due to his involvement. In the end on November 13, 1956, the US Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation on public transportation was illegal. The boycott ended a month later having successfully integrated Montgomery’s buses.
Also on December 5 – the classical music prodigy Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart dies (1791), the BBC screens the final episode of comedy series Monty Python (1974) and a French TGV high speed train sets a new record of 515.3kmh (1989)
Born on December 5: Amercan film and cartoon producer Walt Disney (1901), the French journalist and gastronomic critic, Jean-Luc Petitrenaud (1950)
(Image: The Montgomery bus of Rosa Parks at the Henry Ford Museum – Source: Eege Fot vum)