Former Ivory Coast leader Laurent Gbagbo has been charged on four counts of crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court in The Hague, the court said in a statement on Wednesday.
Gbagbo arrived in the Netherlands early on Wednesday morning after the court issued a warrant for his arrest.
The ICC said Gbagbo is allegedly responsible for crimes such as murder, rape, sexual violence, persecution and other inhumane acts.
Gbagbo has been in custody since he was detained by Ivory Coast forces in April.
ICC prosecutors have been investigating Gbagbo’s role in the post-election violence that rocked Ivory Coast from last November.
A four-month conflict broke out after Gbagbo refused to cede power when his internationally-recognised rival Alassane Ouattara won a presidential vote.
Gbagbo is the first former head of state to be taken into custody by the ICC since the court was set up in 2002.
The ICC says it is also pursuing other suspects from Ivory Coast.