October 24, 1945. The UN officially comes into existence with the ratification of the United Nations Charter by the five members of the Security Council and a majority of the remaining 46 UN member states. Established to promote peace and international cooperation in the wake of World War II, the UN replaced the ineffective League of Nations. The first UN General Assembly took place in London in January 1946, with 51 nations represented. The headquarters has since moved to New Yorkand currently counts 193 members, the most recent of which is South Sudan (joined in July 2011).
Also on October 24: The world’s first football club, Sheffield FC in England, is founded (1857); “Black Thursday” on Wall Street (1929); former British colony Northern Rhodesia becomes the independent Republic of Zambia (1964); Libya leaves the Arab League (2002).
Born on October 24: Sir Robin Day (1923), Reggie and Ronnie Kray (1933), Kevin Kline (1947), Roman Abramovich (1966), Wayne Rooney (1985).