On October 3, 1990, German reunification became official. The date was designated as a national holiday by Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
In 1989 a reunified Germany seemed a long way off, although demonstrations were already taking place in the German Democratic Republic (RDA), calling for unrestricted travel to the West. Some 320,000 people protested on October 23, the largest gathering of its kind. Pressure increased until the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989. Then, in 1990, the victory of the pro-unification Conservatives in the lower house of the RDA parliament added extra impetus. On October 3, the East German constitution was rendered invalid, and was replaced by the Fundamental Law of the Federal Republic of Germany or RFA.
Also on October 3: Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and Battle of Alesia (52 BC); The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929); Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom (1932); and O. J. Simpson is acquitted of the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman (1995).
Born on October 3 : Alain Fournier (1886); Louis Aragon (1897); Clive Owen (1964); and Gwen Stefani (1969).