September 28, 1991. Miles Davis, one of the most influential musicians in the history of jazz, dies at a hospital in California at the age of 65. Originally from Illinois, Davis began playing the trumpet when he was 13 years old and five years later, in 1944, was helping Charlie Parker forge a new style, ‘be-bop’, in Manhattan clubs. As the years went by he developed new, experimental styles, from ‘cool jazz’ to ‘hard bop’, fusing elements of rock and funk. His taste for innovation was fed by the vast number of musicians he associated with and whose talents he brought to the fore, including John Coltrane, Herbie Hancock and Cannonball Adderley. Testiment to Davis’ lasting legacy was the symbolic resolution passed by the US House of Representatives to honour his album ‘Kind of Blue’, “reaffirming jazz as a national treasure.”
Also on September 28: The Norman invasion of England begins, led by Wiliam the Conqueror (1066); The United Kingdom outlaws cannabis (1928); Danes reject the euro currency in a referendum (2000).
Born on September 28 : Thomas Crapper (1836), Ed Sullivan (1901), Max Schmeling (1905), Brigitte Bardot (1934), Ben E. King (1938), Mika Hakkinen (1968), Naomi Watts (1968).