Protesters stormed the building that houses the Israeli embassy on Saturday. Egyptian authorities say around 450 people were injured during the violence.
Demonstrators gained access to the premises, threw hundreds of documents from the windows and tore down the Israeli flag.
Witnesses said authorities used tear gas and fired shots to disperse demonstrators.
Several police vehicles were set alight and protesters even launched fireworks to celebrate their achievement.
One protester declared that he did not care if he had died trying to grab the Israeli flag. “I did this because they killed my brothers on the border,” he said.
He was referring to last month’s killing by Israeli troops of five Egyptian border guards in Sinai.
Earlier, security forces did nothing to intervene as crowds climbed up a recently erected wall, built to protect the embassy, and pummelled it with sledge hammers and metal posts.
The security breach was condemned by US President Barack Obama.
The Israeli ambassador, his family and several diplomats fled Egypt by plane following the attack.