More than a quarter of a million Israelis filled the streets of Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and other cities as the demand for lower living costs swells.
The movement, which began with a facebook boycott of dairy products in June, has now thrust the economy onto the political agenda – putting pressure on Prime Minister Benhamin Netanyahu.
“We are here today to protest against the rising cost of living in Israel, against the way this government has forsaken the people for the benefit of a few privileged families,” said one protester.
Another added: “I think what we are seeing here tonight, what we have been seeing for the last few weeks is that the people have simply had enough.”
Israel has strong growth and low unemployment. But business cartels and wage disparities keep many from feeling the benefits.
Netanyahu is due to name a cabinet-level team today to address the demands of the demonstrators and try to negotiate an end to the protests.