In the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, public reaction to the separation of the country into north and south is very mixed.
There have been anti-South Sudan rallies and certainly many believe dividing a nation in two will not necessarily bring peace.
“People will need time to get used to the new situation. But until then there might be some trouble,” said one resident.
Another added: “I feel very sad because a part of Sudan has been chopped off. I never wished for this separation. I swear to God as a Sudanese citizen I feel very bitter.”
But there are those in the north who welcome the move as the logical way forward for two different peoples – the Muslims in the north and the Christians or animists in the south.
Mustafa el-Tayeb, the leader of the Peace and Justice Forum explained: “The 1956 independence was not real because it grouped antagonistic parties in a marriage of inconvenience. This is why it failed. We believe that we have, on this day, corrected a historical mistake.”
And the banners at the forum underlined that feeling. They read: “Goodbye to the oneness of blood and tears.”