July 4, 1862: Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, later to be known to the literary world as Lewis Carroll, invents a story to entertain a friend’s daughter, Alice Liddell, while on a boating trip near Oxford. Alice and her sisters loved the story so much that they asked Dodgson to write it down for them. Dodgson, an academic specialising in mathematics, developed the tale of ‘Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland’, introducing new characters and events like the Cheshire Cat and The Mad Tea Party. On July 4, 1865 exactly three years after the boat-trip, the book was published and has never been out of print since. There have been more than 100 editions of Alice in Wonderland, translated into 125 languages and several stage and screen adaptations.
Also on July 4: United States Declaration of Independence adopted (1776); France offers the US the Statue of Liberty as a gift (1886); the Philippines officially gains independence from the United States (1946).
Born on July 4: Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807), Calvin Coolidge (1872), Louis B. Mayer (1882), Bill Withers (1938), Alvaro Uribe (1952).