Ousted Egyptian president, Hosni Mubarak is to stand trial for the killing of protesters and could even face the death penalty.
He will be questioned, among other things, on his role in the crackdown that led to the deaths of more than 800 pro-democracy demonstrators who filled Tahrir Square last February.
The fortune he amassed during his 30 years in power will also be scrutinised.
Cairo residents have given their reaction.
“He deserves a harsh punishment, it is not enough to refer him to the Criminal court because he stole from us for 30 years,” said one woman.
“I’m for trying Mubarak not because of the money, we don’t want it,” said another resident,“but I want the principal to be established, so that anyone who commits a crime, makes an illegal fortune or misuses his authority, should be punished.”
But analysts said putting Mubarak on trial could deter other leaders in the region who are violently resisting growing demands for democracy from ever quitting.