Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has appeared in court in Milan on charges of corruption.
Berlusconi denies having paid his British former lawyer David Mills to lie under oath.
Mills is the husband of former UK cabinet minister Tessa Jowell. he also denies the charges.
The offences allegedly occurred during two corruption trials in the 1990s.
Berlusconi claims the case is the result of a vendetta against him by the judiciary. He told Italian radio there should be a parliamentary inquiry.
In January, a law granting temporary immunity to the Prime Minister and some of his ministers was partly repealed.
This trial was one of several which then resumed.
The most notorious is the Ruby case. Berlusconi denies having paid for sex with an under-age nightclub dancer.