Several hundred thousand people marched in May Day parades throughout Russia.
The ruling party United Russia said 25,000 turned out chanting support for the Kremlin, but even so they and other pro-Kremlin activists still managed to complain about job-cuts, corruption and indifference among the country’s bureaucrats.
Kremlin opponents were out in force too. The Communist leader said the main message this year was strengthening solidarity, because without it he said there will be worse economic times ahead.
The hardline anarchists of Left Front called for the downfall of President Medvedev and Prime Minister Putin.
Although a Kremlin candidate is expected to win the presidency in next year’s election, May Day showed growing discontent with authorities from the grassroots.