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A timeline of main events in Ivory Coast since the presidential election

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A timeline of main events in Ivory Coast since the presidential election


October 3, 2010:
After five years of delays, the first round of presidential elections takes place.
November 28, 2010:
In the second round of elections, incumbent President Laurent Gbagbo stands against former Prime Minister Alassane Ouattara.
December 2, 2010:
The Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) declares Alassane Ouattara the winner with 54.1 per cent of votes.
December 3, 2011:
The Constitutional Council cancels 570,000 votes in Western counties where Ouattara is favoured. Gbagbo is declared winner with 51.45 per cent of the vote.
December 4, 2010:
Laurent Gbagbo is inaugurated as president. In parallel, the UN, the EU, the US and France recognise the victory of Alassane Ouattara, who is sworn in and appoints Guillaume Soro as his prime minister.
7-9 December 2010:
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Union ask Laurent Gbagbo to hand over power. Ivory Coast is suspended from these organisations.
December 16, 2010:
Hotel du Golf, where Ouattara and his supporters are based, is blockaded. In a one week period 173 people are killed.
December 18, 2010:
Laurent Gbagbo demands the withdrawal of UN peacekeepers and the French military aircraft there to support them.
December 24, 2010:
ECOWAS officially suggests use of force to topple Laurent Gbagbo.
January 12, 2011:
A pro-Ouattara commando force emerges in the Abobo area of Abidjan, the economic capital of the country. The first clashes are reported.
January 19, 2011:
The UN decides to send 2,000 troops to reinforce its UNOCI’s mission, which is still calling for Laurent Gbagbo to leave.
January 22, 2011:
Dakoury-Tabley, who is close to Laurent Gbagbo, is dismissed from his post as governor of the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO). The accounts of the Ivorian state are frozen.
February 2, 2011:
The European Union extends the list of sanctions against Gbagbo and his entourage.
February 17, 2011:
Following the closure of foreign banks in Abidjan, Laurent Gbagbo decides to nationalise subsidiaries of French banks BNP Paribas and Societe Generale.
February 19, 2011:
Violence resumes in Abidjan, especially in the pro-Ouattara district of Abobo.
March 16, 2011:
After seven unsuccessful attempts at mediation, the African Union recognises Alassane Ouattara’s victory in the presidential election.
March 25, 2011:
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates that up to one million people could be displaced in Ivory Coast, including a majority who fled the capital Abidjan as a result of the violence.
March 28, 2011:
Ouattara camp launches major military offensive from the northern half of the country that it controls.
April 1, 2011:
Forces loyal to Laurent Gbagbo claim to have repelled the offensive against the Presidential Palace and the residence of Laurent Gbagbo in Abidjan. Gbagbo’s whereabouts is unknown.
April 2, 2011:
The UN and several international organisations reported the death of hundreds of civilians in the west of the country, massacred in the early days of the offensive of Republican Forces of Alassane Ouattara.
April 4, 2011:
The International Committee of the Red Cross says at least 800 people were killed in intercommunal violence in the Ivorian town of Duékoué on 29 March, according to information gathered by its field delegates.
April 11, 2011:
Laurent Gbagbo is arrested and taken to the Hotel Golf in Abidjan, where Ouattara has had his headquarters since the presidential election..

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