The former French president Jacques Chirac has gone on trial in Paris for corruption.
Chirac, who has always denied any wrong-doing, is accused of paying cronies for jobs that did not exist.
Although not required to attend, the former head of state is expected to appear in court on Tuesday, despite rumours of ill health.
The charges date from a time when Chirac was the mayor of Paris — before he became French president in 1995.
If convicted, Chirac faces a maximum prison term of 10 years and a fine of 150,000 euros.
Chirac, who denies any wrongdoing, had presidential immunity during his term in office from 1995 to 2007.