Clashes overnight in Terzigno between police and local residents have left the town looking more like a war-torn conflict zone.
Residents want to stop further deliveries of rubbish to an overflowing tip nearby.
They are also angry at plans to build a second.
They hurled stones and burning missiles at the police barricades. Five officers were injured.
The crisis has now gone all the way to the Prime Minister.
On Friday, Silvio Berlusconi decided that the government would take over management of the dump and gave officials ten days to sort the problem out.
Locals have blocked access to the dump, meaning uncollected rubbish is piling up on the streets of Naples.
It is estimated at least 2000 tonnes of refuse are now lying in the streets.